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Identification of a SNP cluster associated with taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy risk in patients being treated for breast cancer using GWAS data derived from a large cooperative group trial

AuthorsLustberg M, Wu X, Fernández-Martínez JL, de Andrés-Galiana EJ, Philips S, Leibowitz J, Schneider B, Sonis SPublishedJanuary 28, 2023JournalEurope PMC

Background: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common toxicity of taxanes for which there is no effective intervention. Genomic CIPN risk determination has yielded promising, but inconsistent results. The present study assessed the utility of a collective SNP cluster identified using novel analytics to describe taxane-associated CIPN risk.

Methods: We analyzed GWAS data derived from ECOG-5103, first identifying SNPs that were most strongly associated with CIPN using Fisher’s ratio (FR). We then ranked ordered those SNPs which discriminated CIPN-positive (CIPN +) from CIPN-negative phenotypes based on their discriminatory power and developed the cluster of SNPs which provided the highest predictive accuracy using leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV).

Results: Using aggregated genotype data obtained from the previously reported ECOG-5103 clinical trial (in which two different arrays were used, HumanOmniExpress (727,227 SNPs) and HumanOmni1-Quad1 (1,131,857 SNPs)), we identified a 267 SNP cluster which was associated with a CIPN + phenotype with an accuracy of 96.1%.

Conclusions: A cluster of SNPs was identified which prospectively discriminated patients most likely to develop symptomatic CIPN following taxane exposure as part of a breast cancer chemotherapy regimen. Validation using an independent patient cohort should be performed.


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Daniel Lichtman

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